Nietzsche’s Influence in Greece. Techni and Dionysos, Vlastos and Kazantzakis

Papazisis Editions, Athens 2009

The object of this specific study is Greek Nietzscheism. In its context, fundamental aspects of Nietzsche’s reception in Greece are examined, such as the cases of the journals «Techni» and «Dionysos» as well as those of Petros Vlastos and Nikos Kazantzakis. More explicitly, the same study, ends up into the following conclusions: the Nietzscheism of the two journals takes the form of nationalism and social inequalitarianism, even the form of social Darwinism in the case of Pavlos Nirvanas, collaborator of «Techni». Vlastos’ Nietzscheism appears as a strict social - ethnical racism and as eugenics, and along with the Nietzscheism of «Techni» and «Dionysos», it draws Kostis Palamas’ praise and admiration. Kazantzakis’ Nietzscheism is characterized by a great profoundness and uninterrupted continuity: its starting point is the author’s dissertation on Nietzsche, the next step is his admiration for Mussolini and Franco, and the ending point is his co-operation with the journal of Metaxas’ Regime, «Neolaia».   

The present study subsequently shows Greek Nietzscheism as a gross misinterpretation of Nietzsche’s philosophy of multiplicity and mask, and it discusses the great deficiency of the scholarly approaches as regarding Greek Nietzscheism.

In the Appendix, the same study deals with two issues, quite relevant to Greek Nietzscheism. The first concerns Nietzsche as an ideological projection of his sister, i.e. as a nationalist and a forerunner of National Socialism philosopher. The second concerns the controversial issue of Heidegger’s relation to Nietzsche and to National Socialism; in the context of examining this issue, this study finally attempts a textual juxtaposition of the two philosophers that focuses onto the concept of homeland and the absence of homeland in a philosophical - political sense.

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